Raymond Suttner, Makhanda and the 1819 war (unpublished, originally written in prison, 1979)

Makhanda

This was written in prison in 1979 when we celebrated the ‘year of the spear’. Later it was circulated in various ways, but never published. I did not have a copy of this and thank Kayalethu Khaya Sebastian Hamana, who received it in 1990, for sending it to me. Makhanda or Nxele (the left-handed one) was a Xhosa warrior/prophet who led an attack on the British garrison in Grahamstown in 1819. He was sent to Robben Island, where he died trying to escape.

2 thoughts on “Raymond Suttner, Makhanda and the 1819 war (unpublished, originally written in prison, 1979)

  1. Thank you Ronnie. It has never been published. I once submitted it to Staffrider when the author Chris van Wyk was editor in the mid 1980s and he never told me whether it was accepted or rejected, but it never appeared. I think that people like Jeff Peires have written much more substantial works on Makhanda, drawing on more sources than I accessed. So the piece has got its limitations, I recognise

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